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The World Shotokan Karate-Do Federation India
The History and Development of Karate-do !!
About   14th   century,   Dharma,   Buddhist   monk   who   is   the   founder   of   ‘Zen’   Buddhism,   had   a   long   journey   from   the   west   of   India across   Himalayas   to   China   for   the   purpose   of   expanding   Buddhism.   Year   later,   he   went   to   Shao   Lin   Monastery   (Shorin-ji)   in   Hunan, China   and   found   that   the   monks   could   not   tolerate   with   the   strict   disciplines   of   Buddhism.   Because   of   this,   he   discovered   the method for physical and mental development. Dharma said that .. “Even   though   the   practice   of   the   Buddha   is   focusing   mainly   on   mind,   but   body   and   mind   cannot   be   separated.   That   is   why   you (monks)   cannot   fully   practice   the   Buddhist   teachings,   so   I   will   give   you   the   method   to   increase   your   physical   strength   and   you   will be able to practice all of the Buddhist strict disciplines”. After   that,   the   monks   of   Shao   Lin   Monastery   became   very   famous   in   both   physical   and   mental   strengths.   The   method   of   Dharma was expanded into many areas included Ryukyu Islands (now is Okinawa) and called Shorin-ji Kempo as the name of the origin. From   the   history   records,   the   beginning   of   Karate-do   was   about   early   14th   century.   There   was   an   exchange   of   goods   and   also cultures   between   China   and   Ryukyu   Islands. At   that   time,   Kung   Fu   was   spread   into   Ryukyu   Islands   and   developed   to   Ryukyu   Islands Arts of Self-defense (such as Todei, Tee, Kempo, and Okinawa te). In   1429,   King   Sho   Hashi   combined   3   areas   of   Ryukyu   Island   and   became   ‘Ryukyu   Kingdom’.   They   were   very   rich   and   had   trade relations   with   China,   and   this   was   a   cause   of   ‘the   war   of   expanded   territories’. About   200   years   later,   October   22nd,   1600   was   the end of Seki ga Hara War, King Tokugawa Ieyatsu won the war and became a Shogun in 1603, and he died in 1616. In   the   period   of   Shogun   Tokugawa   (about   1609   or   the   14th   year   of   Gaisho),   Daimyo   Shimazu   of   Satsuma   took   over   Ryukyu   Islands and    announced    the    unarmed    policy;    the    development    of    Karate-do    might    have    come    from    this    policy.    Karate-do    is    the combination   of   art   of   self-defense   and   the   concepts   of   winning   in   just   one   strike   (by   using   sword)   of   Satsuma   family   (Jigen-ryu). From this, the training of Karate-do focuses on how to overcome the enemy in just one technique. In   year   1922,   the   first   Karate   Demonstration   was   held   in Tokyo   by   Master   Gichin   Funakoshi   and   had   made   a   powerful   impression   on the   Japanese   public.   After   that,   Karate   became   very   popular   and   had   been   taught   in   many   universities.   The   first   Karate-do   Club was   in   Keio   University   and   followed   by   many   universities.   Now,   Karate-do   is   spread   into   many   countries   around   the   world.   In   May 1948,   Japan   Karate Association   (JKA)   was   established   by   the   students   of   Master   Gichin   Funakoshi   (Shotokan)   with   the   standards   of training (Kihon, Kata, Kumite) and competition.
The Supreme Master of Shotokan Karate-do !!
Master   Gichin   Funakoshi   was   born   as   the   son   of   samurai   in   1870(the   3rd   year   of   Meiji),   Naha   City,   Okinawa   Prefecture.   When   he   was young,   he   was   very   frail   so   he   started   training   Karate   (at   that   time   was   still   the   typical   Ryukyuan   art   of   self-defense).   Years   later,   he realized that his health had improved tremendously and he was no longer frail. In   1913(the   2nd   year   of   Taisho),   Master   Funakoshi   became   the   Chairman   of   Okinawa   Shobukai   (The Association   of   Okinawa Art   of   Self- defense).   In   1922(the   11th   year   of   Taisho),   the   Japanese   Ministry   of   Education   held   a   physical   education   exhibition   in   Tokyo   and Master   Funakoshi   was   asked   to   introduce   Okinawa   Karate   to   the   mainland   of   Japan.   His   demonstration   made   a   powerful   impression   on the   Japanese   public.   One   of   the   reasons   was   his   unique   personality   accumulated   from   long   time   of   training   showed   his   real   intention to   make   Karate   as   the   true   Japanese   Art   of   Self-defense..   He   also   promoted   the   true   essence   of   Karate   in   the   way   of   braveness, courtesy,   and   well-controlled   techniques.Master   Gichin   Funakoshi   permanently   moved   to   Koishikawa   in   Tokyo   to   teach   Karate.   Since 1924(the   13th   year   of   Taisho)   until   his   death   in   1957,   he   taught   Karate   in   many   universities   included   Keio,   Tokyo,   Takushoku, Hitotsubashi, Waseda, Hosei, Senshu, and Nippon Medical College. 1922: performed the First Karate Demonstration at Tokyo 1929: changed the name from ‘Karate-jutsu’ to ‘Karate-do’ 1936: wrote the textbook of Karate-do and received honor with the Emperor’s inspection 1943: wrote the introduction to Karate-do 1948: established Japan Karate Association and positioned as the highest master April 26th, 1957: Master Gichin Funakoshi passed away at the age of 88
The Master who developed Karate-do as a sport along scientific lines.
Master Masatoshi Nakayama is one of Master Gichin Funakoshi’s greatest students who carried on the tradition of his teacher. He   was   the   one   who   initiated   the   standards   of   Shotokan   Karate-do   in   training   and   competition.   He   wrote   many   textbooks   to   support   the training of Karate-do  which are still widely used until today. Master Nakayama also played a major role in the expansion of Shotokan Karate-do throughout the world by sending instructors overseas. He   encouraged   the   development   of   Karate-do   as   a   sport   along   the   scientific   lines.   Master   Masatoshi   Nakayama   was   the   chief   instructor of Japan Karate Association from 1955 until his death in 1987. 1913: born in Yamaguchi Prefecture 1932: studied at Takushoku University 1937: studied at the eastern institute of Beijing University 1948: the establishment of Japan Karate Association 1958: Senior Master of the Japan Karate Association April 15th,1987: passed away at the age of 74